Olsson KW, Larsson A, Jonzon A, Sindelar R
Pediatr. Res. 86 (3) 333-338 [2019-09-00; online 2018-09-18]
Early identification of infants at risk for complications from patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may improve treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify biochemical markers associated with persistence of PDA, and with failure of pharmacological treatment for PDA, in extremely preterm infants. Infants born at 22-27 weeks' gestation were included in this prospective study. Blood samples were collected on the second day of life. Fourteen biochemical markers associated with factors that may affect PDA closure were analyzed and related to persistent PDA and to the response of pharmacological treatment with ibuprofen. High levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, interleukin-6, -8, -10, and -12, growth differentiation factor 15 and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 were associated with persistent PDA, as were low levels of platelet-derived growth factor. High levels of erythropoietin were associated with both persistent PDA and failure to close PDA within 24 h of the last dose of ibuprofen. High levels of inflammatory markers were associated with the persistence of PDA. High levels of erythropoietin were associated with both the persistence of PDA and failure to respond to pharmacological treatment.