Genome-wide association study and functional characterization identifies candidate genes for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake.

Williamson A, Norris DM, Yin X, Broadaway KA, Moxley AH, Vadlamudi S, Wilson EP, Jackson AU, Ahuja V, Andersen MK, Arzumanyan Z, Bonnycastle LL, Bornstein SR, Bretschneider MP, Buchanan TA, Chang YC, Chuang LM, Chung RH, Clausen TD, Damm P, Delgado GE, de Mello VD, Dupuis J, Dwivedi OP, Erdos MR, Fernandes Silva L, Frayling TM, Gieger C, Goodarzi MO, Guo X, Gustafsson S, Hakaste L, Hammar U, Hatem G, Herrmann S, Højlund K, Horn K, Hsueh WA, Hung YJ, Hwu CM, Jonsson A, Kårhus LL, Kleber ME, Kovacs P, Lakka TA, Lauzon M, Lee IT, Lindgren CM, Lindström J, Linneberg A, Liu CT, Luan J, Aly DM, Mathiesen E, Moissl AP, Morris AP, Narisu N, Perakakis N, Peters A, Prasad RB, Rodionov RN, Roll K, Rundsten CF, Sarnowski C, Savonen K, Scholz M, Sharma S, Stinson SE, Suleman S, Tan J, Taylor KD, Uusitupa M, Vistisen D, Witte DR, Walther R, Wu P, Xiang AH, Zethelius B, Meta-Analysis of Glucose and Insulin-related Traits Consortium (MAGIC) , Ahlqvist E, Bergman RN, Chen YI, Collins FS, Fall T, Florez JC, Fritsche A, Grallert H, Groop L, Hansen T, Koistinen HA, Komulainen P, Laakso M, Lind L, Loeffler M, März W, Meigs JB, Raffel LJ, Rauramaa R, Rotter JI, Schwarz PEH, Stumvoll M, Sundström J, Tönjes A, Tuomi T, Tuomilehto J, Wagner R, Barroso I, Walker M, Grarup N, Boehnke M, Wareham NJ, Mohlke KL, Wheeler E, O'Rahilly S, Fazakerley DJ, Langenberg C

Nat. Genet. 55 (6) 973-983 [2023-06-00; online 2023-06-08]

Distinct tissue-specific mechanisms mediate insulin action in fasting and postprandial states. Previous genetic studies have largely focused on insulin resistance in the fasting state, where hepatic insulin action dominates. Here we studied genetic variants influencing insulin levels measured 2 h after a glucose challenge in >55,000 participants from three ancestry groups. We identified ten new loci (P < 5 × 10-8) not previously associated with postchallenge insulin resistance, eight of which were shown to share their genetic architecture with type 2 diabetes in colocalization analyses. We investigated candidate genes at a subset of associated loci in cultured cells and identified nine candidate genes newly implicated in the expression or trafficking of GLUT4, the key glucose transporter in postprandial glucose uptake in muscle and fat. By focusing on postprandial insulin resistance, we highlighted the mechanisms of action at type 2 diabetes loci that are not adequately captured by studies of fasting glycemic traits.

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National Genomics Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 37291194

DOI 10.1038/s41588-023-01408-9

Crossref 10.1038/s41588-023-01408-9

mid: EMS178611
pmc: PMC7614755
pii: 10.1038/s41588-023-01408-9

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