Petkevicius K, Palmgren H, Glover MS, Ahnmark A, Andréasson AC, Madeyski-Bengtson K, Kawana H, Allman EL, Kaper D, Uhrbom M, Andersson L, Aasehaug L, Forsström J, Wallin S, Ahlstedt I, Leke R, Karlsson D, González-King H, Löfgren L, Nilsson R, Pellegrini G, Kono N, Aoki J, Hess S, Sienski G, Pilon M, Bohlooly-Y M, Maresca M, Peng XR
Nat Commun 13 (1) 6020 [2022-10-14; online 2022-10-14]
The fatty acid composition of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) determines cellular metabolism, oxidative stress, and inflammation. However, our understanding of how cells regulate PE composition is limited. Here, we identify a genetic locus on mouse chromosome 11, containing two poorly characterized genes Tlcd1 and Tlcd2, that strongly influences PE composition. We generated Tlcd1/2 double-knockout (DKO) mice and found that they have reduced levels of hepatic monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-containing PE species. Mechanistically, TLCD1/2 proteins act cell intrinsically to promote the incorporation of MUFAs into PEs. Furthermore, TLCD1/2 interact with the mitochondria in an evolutionarily conserved manner and regulate mitochondrial PE composition. Lastly, we demonstrate the biological relevance of our findings in dietary models of metabolic disease, where Tlcd1/2 DKO mice display attenuated development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis compared to controls. Overall, we identify TLCD1/2 proteins as key regulators of cellular PE composition, with our findings having broad implications in understanding and treating disease.