Dissecting the genetic landscape of GPCR signaling through phenotypic profiling in C. elegans.

Pu L, Wang J, Lu Q, Nilsson L, Philbrook A, Pandey A, Zhao L, Schendel RV, Koh A, Peres TV, Hashi WH, Myint SL, Williams C, Gilthorpe JD, Wai SN, Brown A, Tijsterman M, Sengupta P, Henriksson J, Chen C

Nat Commun 14 (1) 8410 [2023-12-18; online 2023-12-18]

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate responses to various extracellular and intracellular cues. However, the large number of GPCR genes and their substantial functional redundancy make it challenging to systematically dissect GPCR functions in vivo. Here, we employ a CRISPR/Cas9-based approach, disrupting 1654 GPCR-encoding genes in 284 strains and mutating 152 neuropeptide-encoding genes in 38 strains in C. elegans. These two mutant libraries enable effective deorphanization of chemoreceptors, and characterization of receptors for neuropeptides in various cellular processes. Mutating a set of closely related GPCRs in a single strain permits the assignment of functions to GPCRs with functional redundancy. Our analyses identify a neuropeptide that interacts with three receptors in hypoxia-evoked locomotory responses, unveil a collection of regulators in pathogen-induced immune responses, and define receptors for the volatile food-related odorants. These results establish our GPCR and neuropeptide mutant libraries as valuable resources for the C. elegans community to expedite studies of GPCR signaling in multiple contexts.

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PubMed 38110404

DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-44177-z

Crossref 10.1038/s41467-023-44177-z

pmc: PMC10728192
pii: 10.1038/s41467-023-44177-z

Publications 9.5.0