Rare coding variants in NOX4 link high ROS levels to psoriatic arthritis mutilans.

Wang S, Nikamo P, Laasonen L, Gudbjornsson B, Ejstrup L, Iversen L, Lindqvist U, Alm JJ, Eisfeldt J, Zheng X, Catrina SB, Taylan F, Vaz R, Ståhle M, Tapia-Paez I

EMBO Mol Med 16 (3) 596-615 [2024-03-00; online 2024-02-20]

Psoriatic arthritis mutilans (PAM) is the rarest and most severe form of psoriatic arthritis, characterized by erosions of the small joints and osteolysis leading to joint disruption. Despite its severity, the underlying mechanisms are unknown, and no susceptibility genes have hitherto been identified. We aimed to investigate the genetic basis of PAM by performing massive parallel sequencing in sixty-one patients from the PAM Nordic cohort. We found rare variants in the NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) in four patients. In silico predictions show that the identified variants are potentially damaging. NOXs are the only enzymes producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). NOX4 is specifically involved in the differentiation of osteoclasts, the cells implicated in bone resorption. Functional follow-up studies using cell culture, zebrafish models, and measurement of ROS in patients uncovered that these NOX4 variants increase ROS levels both in vitro and in vivo. We propose NOX4 as the first candidate susceptibility gene for PAM. Our study links high levels of ROS caused by NOX4 variants to the development of PAM, offering a potential therapeutic target.

NGI Short read [Service]

NGI Uppsala (SNP&SEQ Technology Platform) [Service]

National Genomics Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 38379095

DOI 10.1038/s44321-024-00035-z

Crossref 10.1038/s44321-024-00035-z

pmc: PMC10940640
pii: 10.1038/s44321-024-00035-z

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