Unmodified rabies mRNA vaccine elicits high cross-neutralizing antibody titers and diverse B cell memory responses.

Hellgren F, Cagigi A, Arcoverde Cerveira R, Ols S, Kern T, Lin A, Eriksson B, Dodds MG, Jasny E, Schwendt K, Freuling C, Müller T, Corcoran M, Karlsson Hedestam GB, Petsch B, Loré K

Nat Commun 14 (1) 3713 [2023-06-22; online 2023-06-22]

Licensed rabies virus vaccines based on whole inactivated virus are effective in humans. However, there is a lack of detailed investigations of the elicited immune response, and whether responses can be improved using novel vaccine platforms. Here we show that two doses of a lipid nanoparticle-formulated unmodified mRNA vaccine encoding the rabies virus glycoprotein (RABV-G) induces higher levels of RABV-G specific plasmablasts and T cells in blood, and plasma cells in the bone marrow compared to two doses of Rabipur in non-human primates. The mRNA vaccine also generates higher RABV-G binding and neutralizing antibody titers than Rabipur, while the degree of somatic hypermutation and clonal diversity of the response are similar for the two vaccines. The higher overall antibody titers induced by the mRNA vaccine translates into improved cross-neutralization of related lyssavirus strains, suggesting that this platform has potential for the development of a broadly protective vaccine against these viruses.

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PubMed 37349310

DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-39421-5

Crossref 10.1038/s41467-023-39421-5

pmc: PMC10287699
pii: 10.1038/s41467-023-39421-5

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