Karlsson J, Valind A, Holmquist Mengelbier L, Bredin S, Cornmark L, Jansson C, Wali A, Staaf J, Viklund B, Øra I, Börjesson A, Backman T, Braekeveldt N, Sandstedt B, Pal N, Isaksson A, Lackner BG, Jonson T, Bexell D, Gisselsson D
Nat Genet 50 (7) 944-950 [2018-06-04; online 2018-06-04]
A major challenge to personalized oncology is that driver mutations vary among cancer cells inhabiting the same tumor. Whether this reflects principally disparate patterns of Darwinian evolution in different tumor regions has remained unexplored1-5. We mapped the prevalence of genetically distinct clones over 250 regions in 54 childhood cancers. This showed that primary tumors can simultaneously follow up to four evolutionary trajectories over different anatomic areas. The most common pattern consists of subclones with very few mutations confined to a single tumor region. The second most common is a stable coexistence, over vast areas, of clones characterized by changes in chromosome numbers. This is contrasted by a third, less frequent, pattern where a clone with driver mutations or structural chromosome rearrangements emerges through a clonal sweep to dominate an anatomical region. The fourth and rarest pattern is the local emergence of a myriad of clones with TP53 inactivation. Death from disease was limited to tumors exhibiting the two last, most dynamic patterns.