Structure and ion-release mechanism of PIB-4-type ATPases.

Grønberg C, Hu Q, Mahato DR, Longhin E, Salustros N, Duelli A, Lyu P, Bågenholm V, Eriksson J, Rao KU, Henderson DI, Meloni G, Andersson M, Croll T, Godaly G, Wang K, Gourdon P

Elife 10 (-) - [2021-12-24; online 2021-12-24]

Transition metals, such as zinc, are essential micronutrients in all organisms, but also highly toxic in excessive amounts. Heavy-metal transporting P-type (PIB) ATPases are crucial for homeostasis, conferring cellular detoxification and redistribution through transport of these ions across cellular membranes. No structural information is available for the PIB-4-ATPases, the subclass with the broadest cargo scope, and hence even their topology remains elusive. Here we present structures and complementary functional analyses of an archetypal PIB‑4‑ATPase, sCoaT from Sulfitobacter sp. NAS14-1. The data disclose the architecture, devoid of classical so-called heavy metal binding domains, and provides fundamentally new insights into the mechanism and diversity of heavy-metal transporters. We reveal several novel P-type ATPase features, including a dual role in heavy-metal release and as an internal counter ion of an invariant histidine. We also establish that the turn-over of PIB‑ATPases is potassium independent, contrasting to many other P-type ATPases. Combined with new inhibitory compounds, our results open up for efforts in e.g. drug discovery, since PIB-4-ATPases function as virulence factors in many pathogens.

Chemical Biology Consortium Sweden (CBCS) [Collaborative]

PubMed 34951590

DOI 10.7554/eLife.73124

Crossref 10.7554/eLife.73124

pii: 73124

Publications 9.5.0