Malmström A, Łysiak M, Åkesson L, Jakobsen I, Mudaisi M, Milos P, Hallbeck M, Fomichov V, Broholm H, Grunnet K, Poulsen HS, Bratthäll C, Strandeus M, Papagiannopoulou A, Stenmark-Askmalm M, Green H, Söderkvist P
Pharmacogenomics J. 20 (2) 213-219 [2020-04-00; online 2019-10-17]
Standard treatment for glioblastoma (GBM) patients is surgery and radiochemotherapy (RCT) with temozolomide (TMZ). TMZ is a substrate for ABCB1, a transmembrane drug transporter. It has been suggested that survival for GBM patients receiving TMZ is influenced by different single-nucleotide variants (SNV) of ABCB1. We therefore examined SNV:s of ABCB1, namely 1199G>A, 1236C>T, 2677G>T/A, and 3435C>T and correlated to survival for GBM patients receiving RCT. In a pilot cohort (97 patients) a significant correlation to survival was found for SNV 1199G>A, with median OS for variant G/G patients being 18.2 months versus 11.5 months for A/G (p = 0.012). We found no correlation to survival for the other SNV:s. We then expanded the cohort to 179 patients (expanded cohort) and also included a confirmatory cohort (49 patients) focusing on SNV 1199G>A. Median OS for G/G versus A/G plus A/A was 15.7 and 11.5 months, respectively (p = 0.085) for the expanded cohort and 13.8 versus 16.8 months (p = 0.19) for the confirmatory. In conclusion, in patients with GBM receiving RCT with TMZ, no correlation with survival was found for the SNV:s 1236C>T, 2677G>T/A, and 3435C>T of ABCB1. Although the SNV 1199G>A might have some impact, a clinically significant role could not be confirmed.