Childhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Scandinavian Birth Cohort Study.

Sigvardsson I, Størdal K, Östensson M, Guo A, Ludvigsson J, Mårild K

Inflamm Bowel Dis - (-) - [2023-09-22; online 2023-09-22]

Ecological observations suggest a negative relationship between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) risk. Individual-level analyses have been inconsistent and mostly lacked refined assessments of SES. We aimed to comprehensively study the association between early-life SES and later IBD. This study included 117 493 participants from the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child cohort and Swedish All Babies in Southeast Sweden cohorts. Participants were followed from birth (1997-2009) through 2021. IBD was identified through national patient registers. Questionnaire and register data were used to define parental educational level, employment, and household income level. Cox regression estimated adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs), accounting for other SES exposures and covariates (eg, parental IBD). Cohort-specific estimates were pooled using a random-effects model. During 2 024 299 person-years of follow-up, 451 participants were diagnosed with IBD (All Babies in Southeast Sweden cohort, n = 113 and Norwegian Mother, Father and Child cohort, n = 338). Early-life maternal, but not paternal, educational level was associated with later IBD (low vs high educational level; pooled aHR, 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-2.82; and pooled aHR, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.80-1.80; respectively). Having a nonworking mother or father was not significantly associated with IBD (pooled aHR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.47-1.02; pooled aHR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.45-1.37). High vs low household income level yielded a pooled aHR of 1.33 (95% CI, 0.94-1.89). Overall, results were largely consistent across cohorts. In this prospective Scandinavian cohort study, low maternal educational level was, independent of other SES and covariates, significantly associated with later IBD in her child. Further research is needed to elucidate factors that may mediate this relationship.

Clinical Genomics Gothenburg [Collaborative]

PubMed 37740494

DOI 10.1093/ibd/izad220

Crossref 10.1093/ibd/izad220

pii: 7280904

Publications 9.5.0