Clin Epigenetics 10 (-) 31 [2018-03-05; online 2018-03-05]
Few biological markers are associated with survival after relapse of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). In pediatric T-cell ALL, we have identified promoter-associated methylation alterations that correlate with prognosis. Here, the prognostic relevance of CpG island methylation phenotype (CIMP) classification was investigated in pediatric BCP-ALL patients. Six hundred and one BCP-ALL samples from Nordic pediatric patients (age 1-18) were CIMP classified at initial diagnosis and analyzed in relation to clinical data. Among the 137 patients that later relapsed, patients with a CIMP- profile (n = 42) at initial diagnosis had an inferior overall survival (pOS5years 33%) compared to CIMP+ patients (n = 95, pOS5years 65%) (p = 0.001), which remained significant in a Cox proportional hazards model including previously defined risk factors. CIMP classification is a strong candidate for improved risk stratification of relapsed BCP-ALL.