scCircle-seq unveils the diversity and complexity of extrachromosomal circular DNAs in single cells.

Chen JP, Diekmann C, Wu H, Chen C, Della Chiara G, Berrino E, Georgiadis KL, Bouwman BAM, Virdi M, Harbers L, Bellomo SE, MarchiĆ² C, Bienko M, Crosetto N

Nat Commun 15 (1) 1768 [2024-02-27; online 2024-02-27]

Extrachromosomal circular DNAs (eccDNAs) have emerged as important intra-cellular mobile genetic elements that affect gene copy number and exert in trans regulatory roles within the cell nucleus. Here, we describe scCircle-seq, a method for profiling eccDNAs and unraveling their diversity and complexity in single cells. We implement and validate scCircle-seq in normal and cancer cell lines, demonstrating that most eccDNAs vary largely between cells and are stochastically inherited during cell division, although their genomic landscape is cell type-specific and can be used to accurately cluster cells of the same origin. eccDNAs are preferentially produced from chromatin regions enriched in H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 histone marks and are induced during replication stress conditions. Concomitant sequencing of eccDNAs and RNA from the same cell uncovers the absence of correlation between eccDNA copy number and gene expression levels, except for a few oncogenes, including MYC, contained within a large eccDNA in colorectal cancer cells. Lastly, we apply scCircle-seq to one prostate cancer and two breast cancer specimens, revealing cancer-specific eccDNA landscapes and a higher propensity of eccDNAs to form in amplified genomic regions. scCircle-seq is a scalable tool that can be used to dissect the complexity of eccDNAs across different cell and tissue types, and further expands the potential of eccDNAs for cancer diagnostics.

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NGI Stockholm (Genomics Production) [Service]

National Genomics Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 38409079

DOI 10.1038/s41467-024-45972-y

Crossref 10.1038/s41467-024-45972-y

pmc: PMC10897160
pii: 10.1038/s41467-024-45972-y

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