Paternally expressed imprinted genes establish postzygotic hybridization barriers in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Wolff P, Jiang H, Wang G, Santos-González J, Köhler C

Elife 4 (-) - [2015-09-07; online 2015-09-07]

Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon causing parent-of-origin specific differential expression of maternally and paternally inherited alleles. While many imprinted genes have been identified in plants, the functional roles of most of them are unknown. In this study, we systematically examine the functional requirement of paternally expressed imprinted genes (PEGs) during seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana. While none of the 15 analyzed peg mutants has qualitative or quantitative abnormalities of seed development, we identify three PEGs that establish postzygotic hybridization barriers in the endosperm, revealing that PEGs have a major role as speciation genes in plants. Our work reveals that a subset of PEGs maintains functional roles in the inbreeding plant Arabidopsis that become evident upon deregulated expression.

NGI Uppsala (SNP&SEQ Technology Platform)

National Genomics Infrastructure

PubMed 26344545

DOI 10.7554/eLife.10074

Crossref 10.7554/eLife.10074

pmc: PMC4589659

Publications 9.5.0