Mass cytometry identifies distinct CD4+ T cell clusters distinguishing HIV-1-infected patients according to antiretroviral therapy initiation.

Bekele Y, Lakshmikanth T, Chen Y, Mikes J, Nasi A, Petkov S, Hejdeman B, Brodin P, Chiodi F

JCI Insight 4 (3) - [2019-02-07; online 2019-02-07]

Recent guidelines recommend antiretroviral therapy (ART) to be administered as early as possible during HIV-1 infection. Few studies addressed the immunological benefit of commencing ART during the acute phase of infection. We used mass cytometry to characterize blood CD4+ T cells from HIV-1-infected patients who initiated ART during acute or chronic phase of infection. Using this method, we analyzed a large number of markers on millions of individual immune cells. The results revealed that CD4+ T cell clusters with high expression of CD27, CD28, CD127, and CD44, whose function involves T cell migration to inflamed tissues and survival, are more abundant in healthy controls and patients initiating ART during the acute phase; on the contrary, CD4+ T cell clusters in patients initiating ART during the chronic phase had reduced expression of these markers. The results are suggestive of a better preserved immune function in HIV-1-infected patients initiating ART during acute infection.

Bioinformatics Support for Computational Resources [Service]

Cellular Immunomonitoring [Collaborative]

PubMed 30728327

DOI 10.1172/jci.insight.125442

Crossref 10.1172/jci.insight.125442

pii: 125442
pmc: PMC6413791

Publications 9.5.0