The role of caspase-1, caspase-4 and NLRP3 in regulating the host cell response evoked by uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

Lindblad A, Johansson C, Persson K, Demirel I

Sci Rep 12 (1) 2005 [2022-02-07; online 2022-02-07]

The inflammasome-associated proteins caspase-1, caspase-4 and NLRP3 have been emphasised to be essential in the host cell response during urinary tract infection (UTI) by regulating IL-1β release. Our aim was to investigate how the inflammasome-associated proteins regulate the cell response of bladder epithelial cells during infection with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). Human bladder epithelial cells (5637) and CRISPR/Cas9 generated caspase-1, caspase-4 and NLRP3 knockdown cells were stimulated with the UPEC strain CFT073. Using Olink proteomics and real time RT-PCR, we showed that caspase-1, caspase-4 and NLRP3 are vital for the expression of many inflammatory genes and proteins from bladder epithelial cells. When investigating the effect of inflammasome-associated proteins on neutrophils, we found that conditioned medium from UPEC-infected caspase-4 knockdown cells significantly increased phagocytosis of CFT073 and significantly decreased ROS production from neutrophils. In contrast, conditioned medium from UPEC-infected NLRP3 knockdown cells significantly decreased the phagocytosis of CFT073 and significantly increased the ROS production from neutrophils. In conclusion, we showed that the inflammasome-associated proteins contribute to the host cell response during UPEC infection.

Affinity Proteomics Uppsala [Service]

PubMed 35132157

DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-06052-7

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-022-06052-7

pmc: PMC8821701
pii: 10.1038/s41598-022-06052-7

Publications 9.5.0