An atlas of genetic determinants of forearm fracture.

Nethander M, Movérare-Skrtic S, Kämpe A, Coward E, Reimann E, Grahnemo L, Borbély É, Helyes Z, Funck-Brentano T, Cohen-Solal M, Tuukkanen J, Koskela A, Wu J, Li L, Lu T, Gabrielsen ME, Estonian Biobank Research Team , Mägi R, Hoff M, Lerner UH, Henning P, Ullum H, Erikstrup C, Brunak S, DBDS Genomic Consortium , Langhammer A, Tuomi T, Oddsson A, Stefansson K, Pettersson-Kymmer U, Ostrowski SR, Pedersen OBV, Styrkarsdottir U, Mäkitie O, Hveem K, Richards JB, Ohlsson C

Nat. Genet. 55 (11) 1820-1830 [2023-11-00; online 2023-11-02]

Osteoporotic fracture is among the most common and costly of diseases. While reasonably heritable, its genetic determinants have remained elusive. Forearm fractures are the most common clinically recognized osteoporotic fractures with a relatively high heritability. To establish an atlas of the genetic determinants of forearm fractures, we performed genome-wide association analyses including 100,026 forearm fracture cases. We identified 43 loci, including 26 new fracture loci. Although most fracture loci associated with bone mineral density, we also identified loci that primarily regulate bone quality parameters. Functional studies of one such locus, at TAC4, revealed that Tac4-/- mice have reduced mechanical bone strength. The strongest forearm fracture signal, at WNT16, displayed remarkable bone-site-specificity with no association with hip fractures. Tall stature and low body mass index were identified as new causal risk factors for fractures. The insights from this atlas may improve fracture prediction and enable therapeutic development to prevent fractures.

Clinical Genomics Gothenburg [Collaborative]

PubMed 37919453

DOI 10.1038/s41588-023-01527-3

Crossref 10.1038/s41588-023-01527-3

pmc: PMC10632131
pii: 10.1038/s41588-023-01527-3

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