Börjesson S, Greko C, Myrenås M, Landén A, Nilsson O, Pedersen K
J Glob Antimicrob Resist 20 (-) 285-289 [2020-03-00; online 2019-09-05]
The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of the newly described transferable colistin resistance gene mcr-9 in extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates from horses in Sweden. A total of 56 whole-genome sequenced ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates from horses were subjected to in silico detection of antimicrobial resistance genes and identification of plasmid replicons types. The colistin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for mcr-positive isolates was determined by broth microdilution. Relatedness between Enterobacteriaceae carrying mcr genes was determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and core genome MLST. Thirty ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates from horses were positive for the colistin resistance gene mcr-9. These isolates included Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca and Citrobacter freundii and belonged to diverse MLST sequence types within each species. Two of the mcr-9-containing isolates originated from the same horse. All mcr-9-positive isolates had colistin MICs below or equal to the EUCAST epidemiological cut-off value of 2 mg/L and were negative for the two potential regulatory genes qseB-like and qseC-like for mcr-9. Except for one isolate carrying only blaTEM-1B, all of the isolates carried blaSHV-12 and blaTEM-1B, and were all considered multidrug-resistant as they harboured genes encoding resistance to aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, fosfomycin, macrolides, quinolones, sulfonamides, trimethoprim and tetracyclines. Plasmid replicon types IncHI2 and IncHI2A were detected in all mcr-9-positive isolates. The occurrence of mcr-9 was common among clinical ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates from horses in Sweden and was linked to the ESBL-encoding gene blaSHV-12 and plasmid replicon types IncHI2 and IncHI2A.