Kawahara R, Chernykh A, Alagesan K, Bern M, Cao W, Chalkley RJ, Cheng K, Choo MS, Edwards N, Goldman R, Hoffmann M, Hu Y, Huang Y, Kim JY, Kletter D, Liquet B, Liu M, Mechref Y, Meng B, Neelamegham S, Nguyen-Khuong T, Nilsson J, Pap A, Park GW, Parker BL, Pegg CL, Penninger JM, Phung TK, Pioch M, Rapp E, Sakalli E, Sanda M, Schulz BL, Scott NE, Sofronov G, Stadlmann J, Vakhrushev SY, Woo CM, Wu H, Yang P, Ying W, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zaia J, Haslam SM, Palmisano G, Yoo JS, Larson G, Khoo K, Medzihradszky KF, Kolarich D, Packer NH, Thaysen-Andersen M
Nat. Methods 18 (11) 1304-1316 [2021-11-00; online 2021-11-01]
Glycoproteomics is a powerful yet analytically challenging research tool. Software packages aiding the interpretation of complex glycopeptide tandem mass spectra have appeared, but their relative performance remains untested. Conducted through the HUPO Human Glycoproteomics Initiative, this community study, comprising both developers and users of glycoproteomics software, evaluates solutions for system-wide glycopeptide analysis. The same mass spectrometrybased glycoproteomics datasets from human serum were shared with participants and the relative team performance for N- and O-glycopeptide data analysis was comprehensively established by orthogonal performance tests. Although the results were variable, several high-performance glycoproteomics informatics strategies were identified. Deep analysis of the data revealed key performance-associated search parameters and led to recommendations for improved 'high-coverage' and 'high-accuracy' glycoproteomics search solutions. This study concludes that diverse software packages for comprehensive glycopeptide data analysis exist, points to several high-performance search strategies and specifies key variables that will guide future software developments and assist informatics decision-making in glycoproteomics.