Revealing the Regional Localization and Differential Lung Retention of Inhaled Compounds by Mass Spectrometry Imaging.

Hamm GR, Bäckström E, Brülls M, Nilsson A, Strittmatter N, Andrén PE, Grime K, Fridén M, Goodwin RJA

J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv - (-) - [2019-07-31; online 2019-07-31]

For the treatment of respiratory disease, inhaled drug delivery aims to provide direct access to pharmacological target sites while minimizing systemic exposure. Despite this long-held tenet of inhaled therapeutic advantage, there are limited data of regional drug localization in the lungs after inhalation. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and retention of different chemotypes typifying available inhaled drugs [slowly dissolving neutral fluticasone propionate (FP) and soluble bases salmeterol and salbutamol] using mass spectrometry imaging (MSI). Background: Salmeterol, salbutamol, and FP were simultaneously delivered by inhaled nebulization to rats. In the same animals, salmeterol-Methods: d, salbutamol-3d, and FP-3d were delivered by intravenous (IV) injection. Samples of lung tissue were obtained at 2- and 30-minute postdosing, and high-resolution MSI was used to study drug distribution and retention. 3 IV delivery resulted in homogeneous lung distribution for all molecules. In comparison, while inhalation also gave rise to drug presence in the entire lung, there were regional chemotype-dependent areas of higher abundance. At the 30-minute time point, inhaled salmeterol and salbutamol were preferentially retained in bronchiolar tissue, whereas FP was retained in all regions of the lungs. Results: This study clearly demonstrates that inhaled small molecule chemotypes are differentially distributed in lung tissue after inhalation, and that high-resolution MSI can be applied to study these retention patterns.Conclusion:

National Resource for Mass Spectrometry Imaging [Service]

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PubMed 31364961

DOI 10.1089/jamp.2019.1536

Crossref 10.1089/jamp.2019.1536