Effects of environmental translocation and host characteristics on skin microbiomes of sun-basking fish.

Berggren H, Nordahl O, Yıldırım Y, Larsson P, Tibblin P, Forsman A

Proc. Biol. Sci. 290 (2013) 20231608 [2023-12-20; online 2023-12-20]

Variation in the composition of skin-associated microbiomes has been attributed to host species, geographical location and habitat, but the role of intraspecific phenotypic variation among host individuals remains elusive. We explored if and how host environment and different phenotypic traits were associated with microbiome composition. We conducted repeated sampling of dorsal and ventral skin microbiomes of carp individuals (Cyprinus carpio) before and after translocation from laboratory conditions to a semi-natural environment. Both alpha and beta diversity of skin-associated microbiomes increased substantially within and among individuals following translocation, particularly on dorsal body sites. The variation in microbiome composition among hosts was significantly associated with body site, sun-basking, habitat switch and growth, but not temperature gain while basking, sex, personality nor colour morph. We suggest that the overall increase in the alpha and beta diversity estimates among hosts were induced by individuals expressing greater variation in behaviours and thus exposure to potential colonizers in the pond environment compared with the laboratory. Our results exemplify how biological diversity at one level of organization (phenotypic variation among and within fish host individuals) together with the external environment impacts biological diversity at a higher hierarchical level of organization (richness and composition of fish-associated microbial communities).

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PubMed 38113936

DOI 10.1098/rspb.2023.1608

Crossref 10.1098/rspb.2023.1608

pmc: PMC10730295

Publications 9.5.0