Zhang X, Akcan E, Correia M, Rameika N, Kundu S, Stoimenov I, Rendo V, Eriksson AU, Haraldsson M, Globisch D, Sjöblom T
Biochemical Pharmacology 203 (-) 115184 [2022-09-00; online 2022-09-00]
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is a hallmark feature of cancer genomes that reduces allelic variation, thereby creating tumor specific vulnerabilities which could be exploited for therapeutic purposes. We previously reported that loss of drug metabolic arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) activity following LOH at 8p22 could be targeted for collateral lethality anticancer therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we report a novel compound CBK034026C that exhibits specific toxicity towards CRC cells with high NAT2 activity. Connectivity Map analysis revealed that CBK034026C elicited a response pattern related to ATPase inhibitors. Similar to ouabain, a potent inhibitor of the Na+/K+-ATPase, CBK034026C activated the Nf-kB pathway. Further metabolomic profiling revealed downregulation of pathways associated with antioxidant defense and mitochondrial metabolism in CRC cells with high NAT2 activity, thereby weakening the protective response to oxidative stress induced by CBK034026C. The identification of a small molecule targeting metabolic vulnerabilities caused by NAT2 activity provides novel avenues for development of anticancer agents.