Elevated Adipocyte Membrane Phospholipid Saturation Does Not Compromise Insulin Signaling.

Palmgren H, Petkevicius K, Bartesaghi S, Ahnmark A, Ruiz M, Nilsson R, Löfgren L, Glover MS, Andréasson AC, Andersson L, Becquart C, Kurczy M, Kull B, Wallin S, Karlsson D, Hess S, Maresca M, Bohlooly-Y M, Peng XR, Pilon M

Diabetes 72 (10) 1350-1363 [2023-10-01; online 2022-12-30]

Increased saturated fatty acid (SFA) levels in membrane phospholipids have been implicated in the development of metabolic disease. Here, we tested the hypothesis that increased SFA content in cell membranes negatively impacts adipocyte insulin signaling. Preadipocyte cell models with elevated SFA levels in phospholipids were generated by disrupting the ADIPOR2 locus, which resulted in a striking twofold increase in SFA-containing phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines, which persisted in differentiated adipocytes. Similar changes in phospholipid composition were observed in white adipose tissues isolated from the ADIPOR2-knockout mice. The SFA levels in phospholipids could be further increased by treating ADIPOR2-deficient cells with palmitic acid and resulted in reduced membrane fluidity and endoplasmic reticulum stress in mouse and human preadipocytes. Strikingly, increased SFA levels in differentiated adipocyte phospholipids had no effect on adipocyte gene expression or insulin signaling in vitro. Similarly, increased adipocyte phospholipid saturation did not impair white adipose tissue function in vivo, even in mice fed a high-saturated fat diet at thermoneutrality. We conclude that increasing SFA levels in adipocyte phospholipids is well tolerated and does not affect adipocyte insulin signaling in vitro and in vivo.

Integrated Microscopy Technologies Gothenburg [Service]

PubMed 36580483

DOI 10.2337/db22-0293

Crossref 10.2337/db22-0293

pmc: PMC10545576
pii: 148231

Publications 9.5.0