[Precision diagnostics and therapy in hematological malignancies].

Hellström Lindberg E, Cavelier L, Cammenga J, Andersson PO, Fioretos T, Rosenquist R

Lakartidningen 118 (-) - [2021-05-10; online 2021-05-10]

Precision diagnostics and therapy have been implemented rather early in clinical hematology due to the easy accessibility of blood and bone marrow, allowing not only for consecutive genetic analysis at diagnosis, remission and relapse, but also for culturing these cells and testing new drugs in vitro. One contributing factor has also been the relatively low number of »driver« mutations in hematologic malignancies and that some of them are gain of function mutations that are relatively easy to target by drugs. Examples of this development are ABL1-, JAK2-, and FLT3-inhibitors for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia, myeloproliferative neoplasms, and acute myeloid leukemia, respectively. More recently, gene panel sequencing has been introduced in clinical routine to identify genetic alterations with diagnostic, prognostic and predictive impact, and more sensitive techniques to monitor minimal residual disease are emerging. Whole genome and transcriptome sequencing are currently evaluated as the next diagnostic tool. Finally, a large number of targeted therapies are currently under development and/or undergoing clinical trials.

Clinical Genomics Lund [Service]

PubMed 33973223

pii: 20186

Publications 9.5.0