Discovering viral genomes in human metagenomic data by predicting unknown protein families.

Barrientos-Somarribas M, Messina DN, Pou C, Lysholm F, Bjerkner A, Allander T, Andersson B, Sonnhammer ELL

Sci Rep 8 (1) 28 [2018-01-08; online 2018-01-08]

Massive amounts of metagenomics data are currently being produced, and in all such projects a sizeable fraction of the resulting data shows no or little homology to known sequences. It is likely that this fraction contains novel viruses, but identification is challenging since they frequently lack homology to known viruses. To overcome this problem, we developed a strategy to detect ORFan protein families in shotgun metagenomics data, using similarity-based clustering and a set of filters to extract bona fide protein families. We applied this method to 17 virus-enriched libraries originating from human nasopharyngeal aspirates, serum, feces, and cerebrospinal fluid samples. This resulted in 32 predicted putative novel gene families. Some families showed detectable homology to sequences in metagenomics datasets and protein databases after reannotation. Notably, one predicted family matches an ORF from the highly variable Torque Teno virus (TTV). Furthermore, follow-up from a predicted ORFan resulted in the complete reconstruction of a novel circular genome. Its organisation suggests that it most likely corresponds to a novel bacteriophage in the microviridae family, hence it was named bacteriophage HFM.

Bioinformatics Compute and Storage [Service]

NGI Stockholm (Genomics Applications) [Service]

NGI Stockholm (Genomics Production) [Service]

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PubMed 29311716

DOI 10.1038/s41598-017-18341-7

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-017-18341-7

10.1038/s41598-017-18341-7

pmc PMC5758519

PRJEB17838 [https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB17838]