Steiner EM, Lyngsø J, Guy JE, Bourenkov G, Lindqvist Y, Schneider TR, Pedersen JS, Schneider G, Schnell R
Proteins - (-) - [2018-05-02; online 2018-05-02]
RipA plays a vital role during cell division of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by degrading the cell wall peptidoglycan at the septum, allowing daughter cell separation. The peptidoglycan degrading activity relies on the NlpC/P60 domain, and as it is potentially harmful when deregulated, spatial and temporal control is necessary in this process. The N-terminal domain of RipA has been proposed to play an inhibitory role blocking the C-terminal NlpC/P60 domain. Accessibility of the active site cysteine residue is however not limited by the presence of the N-terminal domain, but by the lid-module of the inter-domain linker, which is situated in the peptide binding groove of the crystal structures of the catalytic domain. The 2.2 Å resolution structure of the N-terminal domain, determined by Se-SAD phasing, reveals an all-α-fold with 2 long α-helices, and shows similarity to bacterial periplasmic protein domains with scaffold-building role. Size exclusion chromatography and SAXS experiments are consistent with dimer formation of this domain in solution. The SAXS data from the periplasmic two-domain RipA construct suggest a rigid baton-like structure of the N-terminal module, with the catalytic domain connected by a 24 residue long flexible linker. This flexible linker allows for a catalytic zone, which is part of the spatiotemporal control of peptidoglycan degradation.
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PDB 6EWY [RipA Peptidoglycan hydrolase (Rv1477, Mycobacterium tuberculosis) N-terminal domain]