Spatial and temporal localization of immune transcripts defines hallmarks and diversity in the tuberculosis granuloma.

Carow B, Hauling T, Qian X, Kramnik I, Nilsson M, Rottenberg ME

Nat Commun 10 (1) 1823 [2019-04-23; online 2019-04-23]

Granulomas are the pathological hallmark of tuberculosis (TB) and the niche where bacilli can grow and disseminate or the immunological microenvironment in which host cells interact to prevent bacterial dissemination. Here we show 34 immune transcripts align to the morphology of lung sections from Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected mice at cellular resolution. Colocalizing transcript networks at <10 μm in C57BL/6 mouse granulomas increase complexity with time after infection. B-cell clusters develop late after infection. Transcripts from activated macrophages are enriched at subcellular distances from M. tuberculosis. Encapsulated C3HeB/FeJ granulomas show necrotic centers with transcripts associated with immunosuppression (Foxp3, Il10), whereas those in the granuloma rims associate with activated T cells and macrophages. We see highly diverse networks with common interactors in similar lesions. Different immune landscapes of M. tuberculosis granulomas depending on the time after infection, the histopathological features of the lesion, and the proximity to bacteria are here defined.

In Situ Sequencing (ISS) [Collaborative]

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PubMed 31015452

DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-09816-4

Crossref 10.1038/s41467-019-09816-4

pii: 10.1038/s41467-019-09816-4
pmc: PMC6479067