A highly efficient transcriptome-based biosynthesis of non-ethanol chemicals in Crabtree negative Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Yao Z, Guo Y, Wang H, Chen Y, Wang Q, Nielsen J, Dai Z

Biotechnol Biofuels Bioprod 16 (1) 37 [2023-03-04; online 2023-03-04]

Owing to the Crabtree effect, Saccharomyces cerevisiae produces a large amount of ethanol in the presence of oxygen and excess glucose, leading to a loss of carbon for the biosynthesis of non-ethanol chemicals. In the present study, the potential of a newly constructed Crabtree negative S. cerevisiae, as a chassis cell, was explored for the biosynthesis of various non-ethanol compounds. To understand the metabolic characteristics of Crabtree negative S. cerevisiae sZJD-28, its transcriptional profile was compared with that of Crabtree positive S. cerevisiae CEN.PK113-11C. The reporter GO term analysis showed that, in sZJD-28, genes associated with translational processes were down-regulated, while those related to carbon metabolism were significantly up-regulated. To verify a potential increase in carbon metabolism for the Crabtree negative strain, the production of non-ethanol chemicals, derived from different metabolic nodes, was then undertaken for both sZJD-28 and CEN.PK113-11C. At the pyruvate node, production of 2,3-butanediol and lactate in sZJD-28-based strains was remarkably higher than that of CEN.PK113-11C-based ones, representing 16.8- and 1.65-fold increase in titer, as well as 4.5-fold and 0.65-fold increase in specific titer (mg/L/OD), respectively. Similarly, for shikimate derived p-coumaric acid, the titer of sZJD-28-based strain was 0.68-fold higher than for CEN.PK113-11C-based one, with a 0.98-fold increase in specific titer. While farnesene and lycopene, two acetoacetyl-CoA derivatives, showed 0.21- and 1.88-fold increases in titer, respectively. From malonyl-CoA, the titer of 3-hydroxypropionate and fatty acids in sZJD-28-based strains were 0.19- and 0.76-fold higher than that of CEN.PK113-11C-based ones, respectively. In fact, yields of products also improved by the same fold due to the absence of residual glucose. Fed-batch fermentation further showed that the titer of free fatty acids in sZJD-28-based strain 28-FFA-E reached 6295.6 mg/L with a highest reported specific titer of 247.7 mg/L/OD in S. cerevisiae. Compared with CEN.PK113-11C, the Crabtree negative sZJD-28 strain displayed a significantly different transcriptional profile and obvious advantages in the biosynthesis of non-ethanol chemicals due to redirected carbon and energy sources towards metabolite biosynthesis. The findings, therefore, suggest that a Crabtree negative S. cerevisiae strain could be a promising chassis cell for the biosynthesis of various chemicals.

Chalmers Mass Spectrometry Infrastructure [Service]

PubMed 36870984

DOI 10.1186/s13068-023-02276-5

Crossref 10.1186/s13068-023-02276-5

pmc: PMC9985264
pii: 10.1186/s13068-023-02276-5

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