Mousavian Z, Folkesson E, Fröberg G, Foroogh F, Correia-Neves M, Bruchfeld J, Källenius G, Sundling C
iScience 25 (12) 105652 [2022-12-22; online 2022-11-22]
Annually, approximately 10 million people are diagnosed with active tuberculosis (TB), and 1.4 million die of the disease. If left untreated, each person with active TB will infect 10-15 new individuals. The lack of non-sputum-based diagnostic tests leads to delayed diagnoses of active pulmonary TB cases, contributing to continued disease transmission. In this exploratory study, we aimed to identify biomarkers associated with active TB. We assessed the plasma levels of 92 proteins associated with inflammation in individuals with active TB (n = 20), latent TB (n = 14), or healthy controls (n = 10). Using co-expression network analysis, we identified one module of proteins with strong association with active TB. We removed proteins from the module that had low abundance or were associated with non-TB diseases in published transcriptomic datasets, resulting in a 12-protein plasma signature that was highly enriched in individuals with pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB and was further associated with disease severity.