A small noncoding RNA links ribosome recovery and translation control to dedifferentiation during salamander limb regeneration.

Subramanian E, Elewa A, Brito G, Kumar A, Segerstolpe Å, Karampelias C, Björklund Å, Sandberg R, Echeverri K, Lui W, Andersson O, Simon A

Dev. Cell 58 (6) 450-460.e6 [2023-03-27; online 2023-03-08]

Building a blastema from the stump is a key step of salamander limb regeneration. Stump-derived cells temporarily suspend their identity as they contribute to the blastema by a process generally referred to as dedifferentiation. Here, we provide evidence for a mechanism that involves an active inhibition of protein synthesis during blastema formation and growth. Relieving this inhibition results in a higher number of cycling cells and enhances the pace of limb regeneration. By small RNA profiling and fate mapping of skeletal muscle progeny as a cellular model for dedifferentiation, we find that the downregulation of miR-10b-5p is critical for rebooting the translation machinery. miR-10b-5p targets ribosomal mRNAs, and its artificial upregulation causes decreased blastema cell proliferation, reduction in transcripts that encode ribosomal subunits, diminished nascent protein synthesis, and retardation of limb regeneration. Taken together, our data identify a link between miRNA regulation, ribosome biogenesis, and protein synthesis during newt limb regeneration.

Bioinformatics Long-term Support WABI [Collaborative]

Bioinformatics Support, Infrastructure and Training [Collaborative]

PubMed 36893754

DOI 10.1016/j.devcel.2023.02.007

Crossref 10.1016/j.devcel.2023.02.007

pii: S1534-5807(23)00049-7

Publications 9.5.0