Huang S, Thomsson KA, Jin C, Ryberg H, Das N, Struglics A, Rolfson O, Björkman LI, Eisler T, Schmidt TA, Jay GD, Krawetz R, Karlsson NG
Front Mol Biosci 9 (-) 942406 [2022-09-21; online 2022-09-21]
The primary aim of the study was to identify inflammatory markers relevant for osteoarthritis (OA)-related systemic (plasma) and local (synovial fluid, SF) inflammation. From this, we looked for inflammatory markers that coincided with the increased amount of O-linked Tn antigen (GalNAcα1-Ser/Thr) glycan on SF lubricin. Inflammatory markers in plasma and SF in OA patients and controls were measured using a 44-multiplex immunoassay. We found consistently 29 markers detected in both plasma and SF. The difference in their concentration and the low correlation when comparing SF and plasma suggests an independent inflammatory environment in the two biofluids. Only plasma MCP-4 and TARC increased in our patient cohort compared to control plasma. To address the second task, we concluded that plasma markers were irrelevant for a direct connection with SF glycosylation. Hence, we correlated the SF-inflammatory marker concentrations with the level of altered glycosylation of SF-lubricin. We found that the level of SF-IL-8 and SF-MIP-1α and SF-VEGFA in OA patients displayed a positive correlation with the altered lubricin glycosylation. Furthermore, when exposing fibroblast-like synoviocytes from both controls and OA patients to glycovariants of recombinant lubricin, the secretion of IL-8 and MIP-1α and VEGFA were elevated using lubricin with Tn antigens, while lubricin with sialylated and nonsialylated T antigens had less or no measurable effect. These data suggest that truncated glycans of lubricin, as found in OA, promote synovial proinflammatory cytokine production and exacerbate local synovial inflammation.