Chahal G, Padra M, Erhardsson M, Jin C, Quintana-Hayashi M, Venkatakrishnan V, Padra JT, Stenbäck H, Thorell A, Karlsson NG, Lindén SK
Mol. Cell Proteomics 21 (11) 100421 [2022-11-00; online 2022-09-29]
Helicobacter pylori colonizes the stomach of half of the human population. Most H. pylori are located in the mucus layer, which is mainly comprised by glycosylated mucins. Using mass spectrometry, we identified 631 glycans (whereof 145 were fully characterized and the remainder assigned as compositions) on mucins isolated from 14 Helicobacter spp.-infected and 14 Helicobacter spp.-noninfected stomachs. Only six identified glycans were common to all individuals, from a total of 60 to 189 glycans in each individual. An increased number of unique glycan structures together with an increased intraindividual diversity and larger interindividual variation were identified among O-glycans from Helicobacter spp.-infected stomachs compared with noninfected stomachs. H. pylori strain J99, which carries the blood group antigen-binding adhesin (BabA), the sialic acid-binding adhesin (SabA), and the LacdiNAc-binding adhesin, bound both to Lewis b (Leb)-positive and Leb-negative mucins. Among Leb-positive mucins, H. pylori J99 binding was higher to mucins from Helicobacter spp.-infected individuals than noninfected individuals. Statistical correlation analysis, binding experiments with J99 wt, and J99ΔbabAΔsabA and inhibition experiments using synthetic glycoconjugates demonstrated that the differences in H. pylori-binding ability among these four groups were governed by BabA-dependent binding to fucosylated structures. LacdiNAc levels were lower in mucins that bound to J99 lacking BabA and SabA than in mucins that did not, suggesting that LacdiNAc did not significantly contribute to the binding. We identified 24 O-glycans from Leb-negative mucins that correlated well with H. pylori binding whereof 23 contained α1,2-linked fucosylation. The large and diverse gastric glycan library identified, including structures that correlated with H. pylori binding, could be used to select glycodeterminants to experimentally investigate further for their importance in host-pathogen interactions and as candidates to develop glycan-based therapies.