Calmodulin regulates protease versus co-chaperone activity of a metacaspase.

Eisele-Bürger AM, Eisele F, Malmgren Hill S, Hao X, Schneider KL, Imamoglu R, Balchin D, Liu B, Hartl FU, Bozhkov PV, Nyström T

Cell Rep 42 (11) 113372 [2023-11-28; online 2023-11-08]

Metacaspases are ancestral homologs of caspases that can either promote cell death or confer cytoprotection. Furthermore, yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) metacaspase Mca1 possesses dual biochemical activity: proteolytic activity causing cell death and cytoprotective, co-chaperone-like activity retarding replicative aging. The molecular mechanism favoring one activity of Mca1 over another remains elusive. Here, we show that this mechanism involves calmodulin binding to the N-terminal pro-domain of Mca1, which prevents its proteolytic activation and promotes co-chaperone-like activity, thus switching from pro-cell death to anti-aging function. The longevity-promoting effect of Mca1 requires the Hsp40 co-chaperone Sis1, which is necessary for Mca1 recruitment to protein aggregates and their clearance. In contrast, proteolytically active Mca1 cleaves Sis1 both in vitro and in vivo, further clarifying molecular mechanism behind a dual role of Mca1 as a cell-death protease versus gerontogene.

Glycoproteomics and MS Proteomics [Service]

PubMed 37938971

DOI 10.1016/j.celrep.2023.113372

Crossref 10.1016/j.celrep.2023.113372

pii: S2211-1247(23)01384-0

Publications 9.5.0