FBXL12 degrades FANCD2 to regulate replication recovery and promote cancer cell survival under conditions of replication stress.

Brunner A, Li Q, Fisicaro S, Kourtesakis A, ViiliƤinen J, Johansson HJ, Pandey V, Mayank AK, Lehtiƶ J, Wohlschlegel JA, Spruck C, Rantala JK, Orre LM, Sangfelt O

Mol. Cell 83 (20) 3720-3739.e8 [2023-10-19; online 2023-08-16]

Fanconi anemia (FA) signaling, a key genomic maintenance pathway, is activated in response to replication stress. Here, we report that phosphorylation of the pivotal pathway protein FANCD2 by CHK1 triggers its FBXL12-dependent proteasomal degradation, facilitating FANCD2 clearance at stalled replication forks. This promotes efficient DNA replication under conditions of CYCLIN E- and drug-induced replication stress. Reconstituting FANCD2-deficient fibroblasts with phosphodegron mutants failed to re-establish fork progression. In the absence of FBXL12, FANCD2 becomes trapped on chromatin, leading to replication stress and excessive DNA damage. In human cancers, FBXL12, CYCLIN E, and FA signaling are positively correlated, and FBXL12 upregulation is linked to reduced survival in patients with high CYCLIN E-expressing breast tumors. Finally, depletion of FBXL12 exacerbated oncogene-induced replication stress and sensitized cancer cells to drug-induced replication stress by WEE1 inhibition. Collectively, our results indicate that FBXL12 constitutes a vulnerability and a potential therapeutic target in CYCLIN E-overexpressing cancers.

Global Proteomics and Proteogenomics [Collaborative]

PubMed 37591242

DOI 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.07.026

Crossref 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.07.026

mid: NIHMS1925612
pmc: PMC10592106
pii: S1097-2765(23)00599-3

Publications 9.5.0