Fatal demyelinating disease is induced by monocyte-derived macrophages in the absence of TGF-β signaling

Lund H, Pieber M, Parsa R, Grommisch D, Ewing E, Kular L, Han J, Zhu K, Nijssen J, Hedlund E, Needhamsen M, Ruhrmann S, Guerreiro-Cacais AO, Berglund R, Forteza MJ, Ketelhuth DFJ, Butovsky O, Jagodic M, Zhang XM, Harris RA

Nat. Immunol. 19 (5) 1-7 [2018-05-00; online 2018-04-16]

The cytokine transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) regulates the development and homeostasis of several tissue-resident macrophage populations, including microglia. TGF-β is not critical for microglia survival but is required for the maintenance of the microglia-specific homeostatic gene signature1,2. Under defined host conditions, circulating monocytes can compete for the microglial niche and give rise to long-lived monocyte-derived macrophages residing in the central nervous system (CNS)3-5. Whether monocytes require TGF-β for colonization of the microglial niche and maintenance of CNS integrity is unknown. We found that abrogation of TGF-β signaling in CX3CR1+ monocyte-derived macrophages led to rapid onset of a progressive and fatal demyelinating motor disease characterized by myelin-laden giant macrophages throughout the spinal cord. Tgfbr2-deficient macrophages were characterized by high expression of genes encoding proteins involved in antigen presentation, inflammation and phagocytosis. TGF-β is thus crucial for the functional integration of monocytes into the CNS microenvironment.

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PubMed 29662171

DOI 10.1038/s41590-018-0091-5

Crossref 10.1038/s41590-018-0091-5

mid: NIHMS1586138
pmc: PMC7309278
pii: 10.1038/s41590-018-0091-5

Publications 9.5.0