The application of differential scanning fluorimetry in exploring bisubstrate binding to protein arginine N-methyltransferase 1.

Brown JI, Page BDG, Frankel A

Methods 175 (-) 10-23 [2020-03-15; online 2019-11-11]

Protein arginine N-methyltransferases (PRMTs) are a family of 9 enzymes that catalyze mono- or di-methylation of arginine residues using S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM). Arginine methylation is an important post-translational modification that can regulate the activity and structure of target proteins. Altered PRMT activity can lead to a variety of health issues including neurodevelopmental disease, autoimmune disorders, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Thus, developing a robust mechanistic understanding of PRMT function may provide insight into these various disease states and enable the development of potential therapeutic agents. Although PRMTs have been studied for nearly two decades, a consensus regarding the mechanism of action for this class of enzymes has remained noticeably elusive. To address this shortcoming, differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) was used to gain mechanistic insight into the order of PRMT substrate and cofactor binding. This methodology confirms that PRMT cofactor binding precedes target substrate binding and supports the use of DSF to study bisubstrate enzymatic reaction mechanisms.

Protein Science Facility (PSF) [Service]

PubMed 31726226

DOI 10.1016/j.ymeth.2019.11.004

Crossref 10.1016/j.ymeth.2019.11.004

pii: S1046-2023(19)30127-6

Publications 9.5.0