mSystems - (-) e0151821 [2022-03-21; online 2022-03-21]
Shewanella spp. play important ecological and biogeochemical roles, due in part to their versatile metabolism and swift integration of stimuli. While Shewanella spp. are primarily considered environmental microbes, Shewanella algae is increasingly recognized as an occasional human pathogen. S. algae shares the broad metabolic and respiratory repertoire of Shewanella spp. and thrives in similar ecological niches. In S. algae, nitrate and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) respiration promote biofilm formation strain specifically, with potential implication of taxis and cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) signaling. Signal transduction systems in S. algae have not been investigated. To fill these knowledge gaps, we provide here an inventory of the c-di-GMP turnover proteome and chemosensory networks of the type strain S. algae CECT 5071 and compare them with those of 41 whole-genome-sequenced clinical and environmental S. algae isolates. Besides comparative analysis of genetic content and identification of laterally transferred genes, the occurrence and topology of c-di-GMP turnover proteins and chemoreceptors were analyzed. We found S. algae strains to encode 61 to 67 c-di-GMP turnover proteins and 28 to 31 chemoreceptors, placing S. algae near the top in terms of these signaling capacities per Mbp of genome. Most c-di-GMP turnover proteins were predicted to be catalytically active; we describe in them six novel N-terminal sensory domains that appear to control their catalytic activity. Overall, our work defines the c-di-GMP and chemosensory signal transduction pathways in S. algae, contributing to a better understanding of its ecophysiology and establishing S. algae as an auspicious model for the analysis of metabolic and signaling pathways within the genus Shewanella. IMPORTANCE Shewanella spp. are widespread aquatic bacteria that include the well-studied freshwater model strain Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. In contrast, the physiology of the marine and occasionally pathogenic species Shewanella algae is poorly understood. Chemosensory and c-di-GMP signal transduction systems integrate environmental stimuli to modulate gene expression, including the switch from a planktonic to sessile lifestyle and pathogenicity. Here, we systematically dissect the c-di-GMP proteome and chemosensory pathways of the type strain S. algae CECT 5071 and 41 additional S. algae isolates. We provide insights into the activity and function of these proteins, including a description of six novel sensory domains. Our work will enable future analyses of the complex, intertwined c-di-GMP metabolism and chemotaxis networks of S. algae and their ecophysiological role.