Proteomics identifies lipocalin-2 in neonatal inflammation associated with cerebrovascular alteration in mice and preterm infants.

Gravina G, Ardalan M, Chumak T, Nilsson AK, Ek JC, Danielsson H, Svedin P, Pekny M, Pekna M, Sävman K, Hellström A, Mallard C

iScience 26 (7) 107217 [2023-07-21; online 2023-06-27]

Staphylococcus (S.) epidermidis is the most common nosocomial coagulase-negative staphylococci infection in preterm infants. Clinical signs of infection are often unspecific and novel markers to complement diagnosis are needed. We investigated proteomic alterations in mouse brain after S. epidermidis infection and in preterm infant blood. We identified lipocalin-2 (LCN2) as a crucial protein associated with cerebrovascular changes and astrocyte reactivity in mice. We further proved that LCN2 protein expression was associated with endothelial cells but not astrocyte reactivity. By combining network analysis and differential expression approaches, we identified LCN2 linked to blood C-reactive protein levels in preterm infants born <28 weeks of gestation. Blood LCN2 levels were associated with similar alterations of cytokines and chemokines in both infected mice and human preterm infants with increased levels of C-reactive protein. This experimental and clinical study suggests that LCN2 may be a marker of preterm infection/inflammation associated with cerebrovascular changes and neuroinflammation.

Glycoproteomics and MS Proteomics [Service]

PubMed 37496672

DOI 10.1016/j.isci.2023.107217

Crossref 10.1016/j.isci.2023.107217

pmc: PMC10366453
pii: S2589-0042(23)01294-4

Publications 9.5.0