Investigation of enzalutamide, docetaxel, and cabazitaxel resistance in the castration resistant prostate cancer cell line C4 using genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 screening.

Haldrup J, Weiss S, Schmidt L, Sørensen KD

Sci Rep 13 (1) 9043 [2023-06-03; online 2023-06-03]

Enzalutamide, docetaxel, and cabazitaxel treatment resistance is a major problem in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), but the underlying genetic determinants are poorly understood. To identify genes that modulate treatment response to these drugs, we performed three genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screens in the mCRPC cell line C4. The screens identified seven candidates for enzalutamide (BCL2L13, CEP135, E2F4, IP6K2, KDM6A, SMS, and XPO4), four candidates for docetaxel (DRG1, LMO7, NCOA2, and ZNF268), and nine candidates for cabazitaxel (ARHGAP11B, DRG1, FKBP5, FRYL, PRKAB1, RP2, SMPD2, TCEA2, and ZNF585B). We generated single-gene C4 knockout clones/populations for all genes and could validate effect on treatment response for five genes (IP6K2, XPO4, DRG1, PRKAB1, and RP2). Altered enzalutamide response upon IP6K2 and XPO4 knockout was associated with deregulation of AR, mTORC1, and E2F signaling, and deregulated p53 signaling (IP6K2 only) in C4 mCRPC cells. Our study highlights the necessity of performing individual validation of candidate hits from genome-wide CRISPR screens. Further studies are needed to assess the generalizability and translational potential of these findings.

CRISPR Functional Genomics [Service]

PubMed 37270558

DOI 10.1038/s41598-023-35950-7

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-023-35950-7

pmc: PMC10239467
pii: 10.1038/s41598-023-35950-7

Publications 9.5.0