Investigating Holocene human population history in North Asia using ancient mitogenomes.

Kılınç GM, Kashuba N, Yaka R, Sümer AP, Yüncü E, Shergin D, Ivanov GL, Kichigin D, Pestereva K, Volkov D, Mandryka P, Kharinskii A, Tishkin A, Ineshin E, Kovychev E, Stepanov A, Alekseev A, Fedoseeva SA, Somel M, Jakobsson M, Krzewińska M, Storå J, Götherström A

Sci Rep 8 (1) 8969 [2018-06-12; online 2018-06-12]

Archaeogenomic studies have largely elucidated human population history in West Eurasia during the Stone Age. However, despite being a broad geographical region of significant cultural and linguistic diversity, little is known about the population history in North Asia. We present complete mitochondrial genome sequences together with stable isotope data for 41 serially sampled ancient individuals from North Asia, dated between c.13,790 BP and c.1,380 BP extending from the Palaeolithic to the Iron Age. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequences and haplogroup data of these individuals revealed the highest genetic affinity to present-day North Asian populations of the same geographical region suggesting a possible long-term maternal genetic continuity in the region. We observed a decrease in genetic diversity over time and a reduction of maternal effective population size (N

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PubMed 29895902

DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-27325-0

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-018-27325-0

pii: 10.1038/s41598-018-27325-0
pmc: PMC5997703
Popset: 1405681532