Temporal patterns of inflammation-related proteins measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage using multiplex Proximity Extension Assay technology.

Vlachogiannis P, Hillered L, Enblad P, Ronne-Engström E

PLoS ONE 17 (3) e0263460 [2022-03-24; online 2022-03-24]

The complexity of the inflammatory response post subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may require temporal analysis of multiple protein biomarkers simultaneously to be more accurately described. Ventricular cerebrospinal fluid was collected at days 1, 4 and 10 after SAH in 29 patients. Levels of 92 inflammation-related proteins were simultaneously measured using Target 96 Inflammation ® assay (Olink Proteomics, Uppsala, Sweden) based on Proximity Extension Assay (PEA) technology. Twenty-eight proteins were excluded from further analysis due to lack of >50% of measurable values. Temporal patterns of the remaining 64 proteins were analyzed. Repeated measures ANOVA and its nonparametric equivalent Friedman's ANOVA were used for comparisons of means between time points. Four different patterns (Groups A-D) were visually observed with an early peak and gradually decreasing trend (11 proteins), a middle peak (10 proteins), a late peak after a gradually increasing trend (30 proteins) and no specific pattern (13 proteins). Statistically significant early peaks defined as Day 1 > Day 4 values were noticed in 4 proteins; no significant decreasing trends defined as Day 1 > Day 4 > Day 10 values were observed. Two proteins showed significant middle peaks (i.e. Day 1 < Day 4 > Day 10 values). Statistically significant late peaks (i.e. Day 4 < Day 10 values) and increasing trends (i.e. Day 1 < Day 4 < Day 10 values) were observed in 14 and 10 proteins, respectively. Four of Group D proteins showed biphasic peaks and the rest showed stable levels during the observation period. The comprehensive data set provided in this explorative study may act as an illustration of an inflammatory profile of the acute phase of SAH showing groups of potential protein biomarkers with similar temporal patterns of activation, thus facilitating further research on their role in the pathophysiology of the disease.

Affinity Proteomics Uppsala [Service]

PubMed 35324941

DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0263460

Crossref 10.1371/journal.pone.0263460

pmc: PMC8947082
pii: PONE-D-21-29731

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