Zero-Degree Celsius Capillary Electrophoresis Electrospray Ionization for Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry.

Aerts JT, Andrén PE, Jansson ET

Anal. Chem. 95 (2) 1149-1158 [2023-01-17; online 2022-12-22]

Currently, fast liquid chromatographic separations at low temperatures are exclusively used for the separation of peptides generated in hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX) workflows. However, it has been suggested that capillary electrophoresis may be a better option for use with HDX. We performed in solution HDX on peptides and bovine hemoglobin (Hb) followed by quenching, pepsin digestion, and cold capillary electrophoretic separation coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) detection for benchmarking a laboratory-built HDX-MS platform. We found that capillaries with a neutral coating to eliminate electroosmotic flow and adsorptive processes provided fast separations with upper limit peak capacities surpassing 170. In contrast, uncoated capillaries achieved 30% higher deuterium retention for an angiotensin II peptide standard owing to faster separations but with only half the peak capacity of coated capillaries. Data obtained using two different separation conditions on peptic digests of Hb showed strong agreement of the relative deuterium uptake between methods. Processed data for denatured versus native Hb after deuterium labeling for the longest timepoint in this study (50,000 s) also showed agreement with subunit interaction sites determined by crystallographic methods. All proteomic data are available under DOI: 10.6019/PXD034245.

Spatial Mass Spectrometry [Collaborative]

PubMed 36546842

DOI 10.1021/acs.analchem.2c03893

Crossref 10.1021/acs.analchem.2c03893

pmc: PMC9850406

Publications 9.5.0