Kozma R, Rödin-Mörch P, Höglund J
Sci Rep 9 (1) 812 [2019-01-28; online 2019-01-28]
Understanding the molecular basis of adaption is one of the central goals in evolutionary biology and when investigated across sister species it can provide detailed insight into the mechanisms of speciation. Here, we sequence the genomes of 34 individuals from three closely related grouse species in order to uncover the genomic architecture of speciation and the genes involved in adaptation. We identify 6 regions, containing 7 genes that show lineage specific signs of differential selection across the species. These genes are involved in a variety of cell processes ranging from stress response to neural, gut, olfactory and limb development. Genome wide neutrality test statistics reveal a strong signal of population expansion acting across the genomes. Additionally, we uncover a 3.5 Mb region on chromosome 20 that shows considerably lower levels of differentiation across the three grouse lineages, indicating possible action of uniform selection in this region.