Domain landscapes of somatic NF1 mutations in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma.

Tabebi M, Frikha F, Volpe M, Gimm O, Söderkvist P

Gene 872 (-) 147432 [2023-07-01; online 2023-04-14]

Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL), are rare neuroendocrine tumors arising from the adrenal medulla and extra-adrenal paraganglia, respectively. Up to about 60% are explained by germline or somatic mutations in one of the major known susceptibility genes e.g., inNF1,RET,VHL, SDHx,MAXandHRAS. Targeted Next Generation Sequencing was performed in 14 sporadic tumors using a panel including 26 susceptibility genes to characterize the mutation profile. A total of 6 germline and 8 somatic variants were identified. The most frequent somatic mutations were found in NF1(36%), four have not been reported earlier in PCC or PGL. Gene expression profile analysis showed that NF1 mutated tumors are classified into RTK3 subtype, cluster 2, with a high expression of genes associated with chromaffin cell differentiation, and into a RTK2 subtype, cluster 2, as well with overexpression of genes associated with cortisol biosynthesis. On the other hand, by analyzing the entire probe set on the array and TCGA data, ALDOC was found as the most significantly down regulated gene in NF1-mutated tumors compared to NF1-wild-type. Differential gene expression analysis showed a significant difference between Nt - and Ct-NF1 domains in mutated tumors probably engaging different cellular pathways. Notably, we had a metastatic PCC with a Ct-NF1 frameshift mutation and when performing protein docking analysis, Ct-NF1 showed an interaction with Nt-FAK suggesting their involvement in cell adhesion and cell growth. These results show that depending on the location of the NF1-mutation different pathways are activated in PPGLs. Further studies are required to clarify their clinical significance.

Clinical Genomics Linköping [Collaborative]

PubMed 37062455

DOI 10.1016/j.gene.2023.147432

Crossref 10.1016/j.gene.2023.147432

pii: S0378-1119(23)00273-1

Publications 9.5.0