Bronson PG, Chang D, Bhangale T, Seldin MF, Ortmann W, Ferreira RC, Urcelay E, Pereira LF, Martin J, Plebani A, Lougaris V, Friman V, Freiberger T, Litzman J, Thon V, Pan-Hammarström Q, Hammarström L, Graham RR, Behrens TW
Nat. Genet. 48 (11) 1425-1429 [2016-11-00; online 2016-10-28]
Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in Europeans. Our genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 1,635 patients with IgAD and 4,852 controls identified four new significant (P < 5 × 10(-8)) loci and association with a rare IFIH1 variant (p.Ile923Val). Peak new variants (PVT1, P = 4.3 × 10(-11); ATG13-AMBRA1, P = 6.7 × 10(-10); AHI1, P = 8.4 × 10(-10); CLEC16A, P = 1.4 × 10(-9)) overlapped with autoimmune markers (3/4) and correlated with 21 putative regulatory variants, including expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) for AHI1 and DEXI and DNase hypersensitivity sites in FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells. Pathway analysis of the meta-analysis results showed striking association with the KEGG pathway for IgA production (pathway P < 0.0001), with 22 of the 30 annotated pathway genes containing at least one variant with P ≤ 0.05 in the IgAD meta-analysis. These data suggest that a complex network of genetic effects, including genes known to influence the biology of IgA production, contributes to IgAD.
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