Dalén L, Lagerholm VK, Nylander JAA, Barton N, Bochenski ZM, Tomek T, Rudling D, Ericson PGP, Irestedt M, Stewart JR
Genes 8 (6) 169 [2017-06-21; online 2017-06-21]
Bird remains that are difficult to identify taxonomically using morphological methods, are common in the palaeontological record. Other types of challenging avian material include artefacts and food items from endangered taxa, as well as remains from aircraft strikes. We here present a DNA-based method that enables taxonomic identification of bird remains, even from material where the DNA is heavily degraded. The method is based on the amplification and sequencing of two short variable parts of the 16S region in the mitochondrial genome. To demonstrate the applicability of this approach, we evaluated the method on a set of Holocene and Late Pleistocene postcranial bird bones from several palaeontological and archaeological sites in Europe with good success.