Kokkinou E, Soini T, Pandey RV, van Acker A, Theorell J, Czarnewski P, Kvedaraite E, Vandamme N, Lourda M, Sorini C, Weigel W, Carrasco A, Tibbitt CA, Schlums H, Lindforss U, Nordenvall C, Ljunggren M, Ideström M, Svensson M, Henter JI, Villablanca EJ, Bryceson YT, Rolandsdotter H, Mjösberg J
Cell Reports Medicine 4 (5) 101038 [2023-05-16; online 2023-05-08]
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are considered innate counterparts of adaptive T cells; however, their common and unique transcriptional signatures in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (pIBD) are largely unknown. Here, we report a dysregulated colonic ILC composition in pIBD colitis that correlates with inflammatory activity, including accumulation of naive-like CD45RA+CD62L- ILCs. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) reveals modules of genes that are shared or unique across innate and adaptive lymphocytes. Shared modules include genes associated with activation/tissue residency, naivety/quiescence, and antigen presentation. Lastly, nearest-neighbor-based analysis facilitates the identification of "most inflamed" and "least inflamed" lymphocytes in pIBD colon with unique transcriptional signatures. Our study reveals shared and unique transcriptional signatures of colonic ILCs and T cells in pIBD. We also provide insight into the transcriptional regulation of colonic inflammation, deepening our understanding of the potential mechanisms involved in pIBD.