Clin. Genet. 99 (2) 325-329 [2021-02-00; online 2020-11-12]
Human multiple synostoses syndrome 3 is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by pathogenic variants in FGF9. Only two variants have been described in FGF9 in humans so far, and one in mice. Here we report a novel missense variant c.566C > G, p.(Pro189Arg) in FGF9. Functional studies showed this variant impairs FGF9 homodimerization, but not FGFR3c binding. We also review the findings of cases reported previously and report on additional features not described previously.