Dynamics of the normal gut microbiota: A longitudinal one-year population study in Sweden.

Olsson LM, Boulund F, Nilsson S, Khan MT, Gummesson A, Fagerberg L, Engstrand L, Perkins R, Uhlén M, Bergström G, Tremaroli V, Bäckhed F

Cell Host Microbe 30 (5) 726-739.e3 [2022-05-11; online 2022-03-28]

Temporal dynamics of the gut microbiota potentially limit the identification of microbial features associated with health status. Here, we used whole-genome metagenomic and 16S rRNA gene sequencing to characterize the intra- and inter-individual variations of gut microbiota composition and functional potential of a disease-free Swedish population (n = 75) over one year. We found that 23% of the total compositional variance was explained by intra-individual variation. The degree of intra-individual compositional variability was negatively associated with the abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (a butyrate producer) and two Bifidobacterium species. By contrast, the abundance of facultative anaerobes and aerotolerant bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus acidophilus varied extensively, independent of compositional stability. The contribution of intra-individual variance to the total variance was greater for functional pathways than for microbial species. Thus, reliable quantification of microbial features requires repeated samples to address the issue of intra-individual variations of the gut microbiota.

Bioinformatics Support for Computational Resources [Service]

PubMed 35349787

DOI 10.1016/j.chom.2022.03.002

Crossref 10.1016/j.chom.2022.03.002

pii: S1931-3128(22)00131-7

Publications 9.5.0