Ultralight Ultrafast Enzymes.

Zhang X, Meng Z, Beusch C, Gharibi H, Cheng Q, Lyu H, Di Stefano L, Wang J, Saei A, Végvári Á, Gaetani M, Zubarev R

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. - (-) e202316488 [2023-11-27; online 2023-11-27]

Inorganic materials depleted of heavy stable isotopes are known to deviate strongly in some physicochemical properties from their isotopically natural counterparts. Here we explored for the first time the effect of simultaneous depletion of the heavy carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen isotopes on the bacterium E. coli and the enzymes expressed in it. Bacteria showed faster growth, with most proteins exhibiting higher thermal stability, while for recombinant enzymes expressed in depleted media, faster kinetics was discovered. At room temperature, luciferase, thioredoxin and dihydrofolate reductase and Pfu DNA polymerase showed up to a 250% increase in activity compared to the native counterparts, with an additional ~50% increase at 10 °C. Diminished conformational and vibrational entropy is hypothesized to be the cause of the accelerated kinetics. Ultralight enzymes may find an application where extreme reaction rates are required.

Chemical Proteomics [Technology development]

PubMed 38009610

DOI 10.1002/anie.202316488

Crossref 10.1002/anie.202316488

Publications 9.5.0