Immunological protein profiling of first-episode psychosis patients identifies CSF and blood biomarkers correlating with disease severity.

Eren F, Schwieler L, Orhan F, Malmqvist A, Piehl F, Cervenka S, Sellgren CM, Fatouros-Bergman H, Engberg G, Erhardt S

Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 111 (-) 376-385 [2023-07-00; online 2023-05-04]

Immune activation is suggested to play an important role in psychosis. In this study, a large number of immune-related proteins were analyzed to obtain a more comprehensive picture of immune aberrations in schizophrenia. Ninety-two immune markers were analyzed by the Olink Protein Extension Assay (Inflammatory Panel) in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 77 first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients (of which 43 later received the diagnosis of schizophrenia) and 56 healthy controls, all recruited from the Karolinska Schizophrenia Project (KaSP), Stockholm, Sweden. Differential analysis showed that 12 of 92 inflammatory proteins were significantly higher in the plasma of FEP patients (n = 77) than in controls, and several proteins were positively correlated with disease severity. Patients from the same cohort diagnosed with schizophrenia (n = 43), showed significantly higher levels of 15 plasma proteins compared to controls whereas those not receiving this diagnosis showed no significant differences. The presently used OLINK inflammatory panel allowed the detection of only 47 CSF proteins of which only CD5 differed between patients and controls. The levels of several peripheral immune markers, particularly those interfering with WNT/β-catenin signaling, were significantly higher in patients with FEP than in healthy controls and associated with illness severity.

Affinity Proteomics Stockholm [Service]

PubMed 37146654

DOI 10.1016/j.bbi.2023.04.020

Crossref 10.1016/j.bbi.2023.04.020

pii: S0889-1591(23)00118-6

Publications 9.5.0